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Continue to Citation Rules with Examples for Parts of Journal Articles Continue to Examples of Citations to Parts of Journal Articles 78 Citing Medicine Citation Rules with Examples for Parts of Journal Articles Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference buy indomethacin 75mg cheap arthritis in dogs cost. An R afer the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O afer the name means it is optional purchase 75 mg indomethacin free shipping arthritis medication and breastfeeding. Journal Article (R) | Name and Number/Letter (R) | Title (R) | Location (Pagination) (R) Journal Article (required) General Rules for Journal Article • Cite the article according to Chapter 1A Journal Articles Name and Number/Letter of Part for Parts of Journal Articles (required) General Rules for Name and Number/Letter of Part • Enter the name of the part order 25mg indomethacin with mastercard rheumatoid arthritis exclusion diet, such as Table, Figure, or Appendix, as it appears in the article • Translate non-English names into English • Do not abbreviate names. In this case, give whatever name has been used for the illustration and follow it with a comma and the title. Experiences of older women with cancer receiving hospice care: signifcance for physical therapy. Parts of journal articles not in English with original or romanized language included 17. Parts of journals in two equal languages Title of Part for Parts of Journal Articles (required) General Rules for Title of Part • Enter the title of the part as it appears in the article • Capitalize only the frst word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms • Translate non-English titles into English and place the translation in square brackets • End title information with a semicolon and a space Specific Rules for Title of Part • Titles of parts not in English • Titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or other special character • No title appears Box 66. Evolucion de la mortalidad infantil de La Rioja (1980-1998) [Evolution of the infant mortality rate in la Rioja in Spain (1980-1998)]. Figura 3, Tendencia de mortalidad infantil [Figure 3, Trends in infant mortality]; p. Figure 3, Infuence of seed extract of Syzygium Cumini (Jamun) on mice exposed to diferent doses of γ-radiation; p. Occasionally a part does not have a formal title, only a legend (explanatory text) for the table, fgure, appendix, or other part. Appendix, [Excerpts from "Prescription Pain Medications: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers for Health Care Professionals"]; p. Parts of journal articles not in English with original or romanized language included 17. Parts of journals in two equal languages Location (Pagination) of Part for Parts of Journal Articles (required) General Rules for Location (Pagination) • Begin location with "p. S10-8 • End page information with a period Specific Rules for Location (Pagination) • Roman numerals used as page numbers • No page numbers appear on the pages of the part Box 69. Occasionally, a table, fgure, appendix, or other part will appear on a page that is not numbered. Figure 5, Modelling the risk of in-hospital death following lung resection; [preceding p. Parts of journal articles not in English with original or romanized language included 17. Parts of journals in two equal languages Examples of Citations to Parts of Journal Articles 1. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors suppress aromatase expression and activity in breast cancer cells. Experiences of older women with cancer receiving hospice care: signifcance for physical therapy. Long-term radiographic and functional outcome of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy induced perirenal hematomas. Evaluation and management of patients with uncontrolled systolic hypertension: is another new paradigm really needed? Figure 1A, Flow diagram of the various steps used during database construction; p. Unnumbered/unlettered and untitled figure in a journal article Roth S, Semjonow A, Waldner M, Hertle L. Risk of bowel dysfunction with diarrhea afer continent urinary diversion with ileal and ileocecal segments. Predictive value of a cross- cultural asthma case-detection tool in an elementary school population. Appendix A, International study of asthma and allergy in childhood questionnaire; p. Longitudinal change in height of men and women: implications for interpretation of the body mass index: the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Appendix, Equations, obtained from cross-sectional analysis, relating height to age; p. Appendix, [Excerpts from "Prescription Pain Medications: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers for Health Care Professionals"]; p. Numbered section in a journal article Wakita A, Nitta M, Mitomo Y, Takahashi M, Tanaka M, Kaneda T. Synthesis of (-)-longithorone A: using organic synthesis to probe a proposed biosynthesis. Expression of caveolin-1 and caveolin-2 in urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder correlates with tumor grade and squamous diferentiation. Image 4, Immunohistochemical staining of a urothelial carcinoma with squamous diferentiation with anti-caveolin-1; p. Figure, Repartition des consultations pour arthrose en France en 2002 [Figure, Distribution of consultations for osteoarthritis in France in 2002]; p. Evolucion de la mortalidad infantil de La Rioja (1980-1998) [Evolution of the infant mortality rate in la Rioja in Spain (1980-1998)]. Figura 3, Tendencia de mortalidad infantil [Figure 3, Trends in infant mortality]; p. Raccomandazioni per il trasporto inter ed intra ospedaliero del paziente critico = Recommendations on the transport of critically ill patients. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Entire Journal Titles Te general format for a reference to an entire journal title, including punctuation: - for a title continuing to be published: Journals 89 - for a title that ceased publication: Examples of Citations to Entire Journal Titles If a journal is still being published, as shown in the frst example, follow volume and date information with a hyphen and three spaces. If a journal has ceased publication, as in example two, separate beginning and ending volume and date information with a hyphen surrounded by a space. When citing a journal, always provide information on the latest title and publisher unless you are citing an earlier version. If you wish to cite all volumes for a journal that has changed title, provide a separate citation for each title. Many journal titles with both print and Internet versions do not carry the same exact content.

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This chronic yeast infection may actually make acne worse and must be treated when present cheap indomethacin 75mg online arthritis treatment kerala. Specifically discount indomethacin 25mg mastercard arthritis fingers playing guitar, reports of intracranial hypertension generic indomethacin 25 mg free shipping arthritis in fingers knuckles, depression, and suicidal ideation have prompted an examination of Accutane’s life-threatening potential. A warning was added to its product label with regard to signs of depression and suicidal ideation, and a U. Food and Drug Administration– mandated registry is now in place for all individuals prescribing, dispensing, or taking isotretinoin, to help decrease the risks associated with isotretinoin therapy. Another popular treatment for acne is the use of over-the-counter preparations containing benzoyl peroxide (e. In order to be effective, benzoyl peroxide preparations must be applied on a daily basis. The primary side effect of benzoyl peroxide preparations is a tendency to dry out the skin and/or cause redness and peeling. The peeling and drying can be quite severe, as Retin-A improves acne by chemically burning the skin. Diet Although there is some controversy about diet in the etiology of acne, there is clear evidence of an association. In westernized societies, acne vulgaris is a nearly universal skin disease, afflicting 79 to 95% of the adolescent population. In men and women older than 25 years, 40 to 54% have some degree of facial acne, and clinical facial acne persists into middle age in 12% of women and 3% of men. In contrast, epidemiological evidence shows that acne incidence rates are considerably lower in non-westernized societies. Also, foods containing trans-fatty acids (milk and milk products; margarine, shortening, and other synthetically hydrogenated vegetable oils) or oxidized fatty acids (fried food) should be avoided, as these may aggravate acne by increasing inflammation in sebaceous glands. In the early 1940s dermatologists reported that insulin is effective in the treatment of acne, suggesting impaired skin glucose tolerance, insulin insensitivity, or both. Interestingly, one study comparing the results of oral glucose tolerance tests in acne patients showed no differences from controls in blood glucose measurements. However, repetitive skin biopsies revealed that the acne patients’ skin glucose tolerance was significantly disturbed. Nutritional Supplements Vitamin A (Retinol) Many studies have demonstrated that oral vitamin A in the retinol form can reduce sebum production and the overproduction of keratin. Retinol has been shown to be effective in treating acne when used at high—and potentially toxic—dosages (i. In fact, we do not recommend dosages greater than 150,000 even under a physician’s supervision. And high dosages of vitamin A should never be ingested by anyone with significant liver disease. The first significant toxic symptom is usually headache followed by fatigue, emotional volatility, and muscle and joint pain. Laboratory tests appear unreliable for monitoring toxicity, since serum vitamin A levels correlate poorly with toxicity, and liver enzymes are elevated only in symptomatic patients. Of far greater concern is the risk of birth defects caused by high dosages of vitamin A. Women of childbearing age must have at least two negative pregnancy test results prior to the initiation of vitamin A therapy, and they should use effective birth control during treatment and for at least one month after discontinuation. Again, we recommend that this therapy be used only under strict physician supervision. It is involved in local hormone activation, retinol-binding protein formation, wound healing, immune system activity, and tissue regeneration. Zinc supplementation in the treatment of acne has been the subject of much controversy and many double-blind studies. Inconsistent results may be due to the differing absorbability of the various zinc salts used. For example, studies using effervescent zinc sulfate show efficacy similar to that of the antibiotic tetracycline, with fewer side effects from chronic use,22 while those using plain zinc sulfate have shown less beneficial results. In another study, 66 patients with inflammatory acne were given zinc gluconate (30 mg elemental zinc) or a placebo for two months. In the placebo group the inflammatory score dropped from 58 to 47, while in the treatment group the score dropped from 49 to 27. Physicians rated 24 of 32 patients in the zinc group as responders, compared with only 8 of 34 in the placebo group. At least two other double-blind studies with zinc gluconate provide additional support. The importance of zinc to normal skin function is well recognized, especially in light of the zinc deficiency syndrome called acrodermatitis enteropathica. As noted above, zinc is essential for retinol- binding protein and thus for serum retinol levels. Male acne patients have significantly decreased levels of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase, which normalize with vitamin E and selenium treatment. Topical Treatments Various topical gels, ointments, and creams containing natural products are available to treat acne. Like benzoyl peroxide, these preparations aim to reduce both the bacteria level and inflammation. Although there are many choices, the most popular natural formulas are those with tea tree oil and azelaic acid. Tea Tree Oil Melaleuca alternifolia, or tea tree, is a small tree native to only one area of the world: the northeast coastal region of New South Wales, Australia. The leaves, the portion of the plant that is used medicinally, are the source of tea tree oil. Tea tree oil possesses significant antiseptic properties and is regarded by many as an ideal skin disinfectant. This claim is supported by its efficacy against a wide range of organisms (including 27 of 32 strains of P. The therapeutic uses of tea tree oil are based largely on its antiseptic and antifungal properties. In a study conducted at the Royal Prince Hospital in New South Wales, a 5% tea tree oil solution demonstrated beneficial effects similar to those of 5% benzoyl peroxide, but with substantially fewer side effects.

Under such regional systems buy 25 mg indomethacin magnetic jewelry arthritis relief, an applicant requests protection for the invention in one or more countries cheap indomethacin 50mg on line arthritis pain under foot, and each country decides whether to ofer patent protection within its borders cheap indomethacin 25mg online arthritis relief clothing. Citation Rules with Examples for Patents Components/elements are listed in the order they should appear in a reference. An R afer the component name means that it is required in the citation; an O afer the name means it is optional. Author (Inventor) (R) | Author (Assignee) (R) | Author Afliation (O) | Title (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Patent Country (R) | Patent Document Type (R) | Country Code (R) | Patent Number (R) | Date Issued (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | International Classifcation Code (O) | Country Classifcation Code (O) | Application Number and Filing Date (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O) | Patent Applications Author (Inventor) for Patents (required) General Rules for Author (inventor) • Begin with names of the inventors • List names in the order they appear in the text • Enter surname (family or last name) frst for each inventor • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. Gerard de Pouvourville becomes de Pouvourville G • Keep compound surnames even if no hyphen appears Sergio Lopez Moreno becomes Lopez Moreno S Jaime Mier y Teran becomes Mier y Teran J Virginie Halley des Fontaines becomes Halley des Fontaines V • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in names. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Eberhard Stennert becomes Stennert E Sir Frances Hildebrand becomes Hildebrand F • Omit degrees, titles, and honors such as M. Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese). Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. An organization such as a university, society, association, corporation, or governmental body may serve as an inventor, although this is more unusual today. Te Dow Chemical Company • Separate two or more organizations by a semicolon Medical Design Labs, Inc. Tjumenskaja Gosudarstvennaja Meditsinskaja Akademija [Tyumen State Medical Academy] or [Tyumen State Medical Academy] ⚬ Translate names of organizations in character-based languages such as Chinese and Japanese. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Separate the surname from the given name or initials by a comma and a space; follow initials with a period; separate successive names by a semicolon and a space. Patent in which an organization is the inventor Author (Assignee) for Patents (required) General Rules for Author (assignee) • List names of the assignee (also called proprietors or applicants in some countries) in the order they appear in the text • Give the name of an organization as it appears on the title page of the patent, using whatever abbreviations and punctuation are found • Enter surname (family or last name) frst for each person as assignee 566 Citing Medicine • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Eberhard Stennert becomes Stennert E Sir Frances Hildebrand becomes Hildebrand F • Omit degrees, titles, and honors such as M. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Names in non-roman alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Korean) or character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese). Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. An organization such as a university, society, association, corporation, or governmental body ofen serves as an assignee. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Te Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois Te United States of America as represented by the Department of Health and Human Services Box 20. Separate the surname from the given name or initials by a comma; follow initials with a period; separate successive names by a semicolon. Patent with afliation of inventor(s) and assignee included Title for Patents (required) General Rules for Title • Enter the title of a patent as it appears in the original document, in the original language • Capitalize only the frst word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms • Follow non-English titles with a translation whenever possible; place the translation in square brackets • End a title with a period Specific Rules for Title • Titles not in English • Titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character Patents 575 Box 23. Place translated titles in square brackets Katsuko S, Shunsuke M, Takashi U, Tetsuya T, Miki E, inventors; Advance Company Ltd, assignee. Tis rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications. Metodika lecheniia pri revmatoidnom artrite [Method for treating rheumatoid arthritis]. Patent title containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character 13. Patent in a microform Type of Medium for Patents (required) General Rules for Type of Medium • Indicate the type of medium (microfche, ultrafche, microflm, microcard, etc. Patent in a microform Patent Country (required) General Rules for Patent Country • Name the country issuing the patent • Use the adjectival form of the name, such as French and Russian, but use United States and United Kingdom • End place information with a space Specific Rules for Patent Country • Regional ofce rather than an individual country Box 26. For example, in Germany the word Ofenlegungsschrif indicates a patent application, Auslegeschrif an examined patent, and Patentschrif a fnal issued patent. However, if the language is unfamiliar or the status of the patent document is unclear, use the wording found on the document. Nichtpolierte Halbleiterscheibe und Verfahren zur Herstellung einer nichtpolierten Halbleiterscheibe. Zinsmeyer J, Gross J, Brux B, inventors; Charite der Humboldt-Universitaet Direktorat Forschung, assignee. Enzymimmunoassay und Testbesteck zum Nachweis humaner Neuronen-spezifscher Enolase. Optional brief patent citation format Patent Number (required) General Rules for Patent Number • Record the patent number as it appears on the publication, using whatever spacing and punctuation are found • End the patent number with a period Specific Rules for Patent Number • Letters following patent numbers • Optional brief patent citation format Box 29. Optional brief patent citation format Pagination for Patents (optional) General Rules for Pagination • Provide the total number of pages on which the text of the patent appears • Follow the page total with a space and the letter p • End pagination information with a period Specific Rules for Pagination • No numbers appear on the pages of the patent Box 32. Patent with optional number of pages included Physical Description for Patents (optional) General Rules for Physical Description • Give information on the physical characteristics if a patent is published in a microform (microflm, microfche, etc. Such information will help the reader select the appropriate equipment with which to view the microform. Specific Rules for Physical Description • Language for describing physical characteristics Patents 585 Box 33. If a patent is published on microfche, microflm, or microcards: • Begin with the number and type of physical pieces, followed by a colon and a space 5 microfche: 2 reels: [of microflm] 3 microcards: • Enter information on the physical characteristics, such as color and size. Patent in a microform International Classification Code for Patents (optional) General Rules for International Classification Code • Abbreviate International Classifcation Code to "Int. Patent with classifcation codes of the country granting it Application Number and Filing Date for Published Patents (optional) General Rules for Application Number and Filing Date • Abbreviate application number to Appl.

Hence cheap 75mg indomethacin mastercard arthritis gene, it is good statistical practice to make single interpolations and to find then the arithmetically averaged analyte concentration cheap indomethacin 75 mg without prescription arthritis in dogs over the counter treatment, since this takes into account both the error in the response and the steepness of the calibration curve buy 75mg indomethacin with mastercard arthritis medication methotrexate side effects, as well as the unknown’s position on it. Both types refer only to the current assay batch; hence, they are called “local” errors in calibration and fitting as well as replicates. In the next batch, the quantities of both types may be totally different, better or worse. T h e fre q u e n c y d is trib u tio n (in se rt) sh o w s th e d o se -in d e p e n d e n c y (! The relation of these three types to each other, qualitatively and quantitatively, is displayed by imprecision profiles (Fig. As can be easily seen, these types of error correspond to three levels of increasing uncertainty. It is evident that it is the “between-assay variance” that provides the most reliable measure for the uncertainty of an unknown’s analyte measurement. Considering the composite nature of the real grand confidence limits of an analyte measurement, one needs in principle to know its components for evaluating appropriate steps in assay optimization. However, one does not need to calculate all of them individually in every batch and for every sample. It reflects the total variability in calibration curve and samples, from batch to batch. It is equal to the quantity of uncertainty by which any clinical chemistry measurement is tacitly regarded. Therefore, it is unnecessary to report any type of confidence limits at all to the clinician. However, the assayist must have made the decisions regarding whether or what to report on the basis of daily and complete quality control in order to assess the reliability prior to reporting. This program represents the final state of five years’ daily experience and challenge in the author’s laboratory. A complete documentation, step-by-step operation manual, and program listing is available to scientists upon request. In addition, programs for Scatchard-plot analysis, Sips-Hill plots, and kinetic experiments in binder-ligand studies have been created and published. The community which we have to serve by clinical diagnosis and scientific research has a right to it. R e s u lt o f th e F e d e ra l G erm a n E x te r n a l Q u a lity C o n tro l S u rv e y fo r C o rtis o l a n d u n c o n ju g a te d e strio l in O c to b e r 1 9 8 1. The pluralistic argument according to which an unintelligible variety of methods is desirable, is definitely invalidated. The expectation that from this variety the optimal method will automatically emerge on “day X” like a phoenix is identified as naive. Wick, Head of the Institute of General and Experimental Pathology, University of Innsbruck, Austria, is gratefully acknowledged. Wolak, the author’s attempts towards quality control and standardization would have had little chance to become realized. P r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f ra d io im m u n o a s s a y t h e o r y. A s im p le p r o c e d u r e y i e l d i n g l i n e a r c a l i b r a t i o n c u r v e s , C l i n. P r o d u c tio n a n d c h a r a c t e r i z a t i o n o f m o n o c lo n a l a n t i ­ b o d ie s a g a i n s t b o v in e l u t e i n i z i n g h o rm o n e , Im m u n o b io lo g y 160 (1 9 8 1 ) 1 9 6 -2 0 7. The e n d o c r in e t a r g e t c e l l a s a q u a n t a l r e s p o n s e u n i t : a g e n e r a l c o n t r o l m e c h a n ism , A dv. H orm one b in d in g g l o b u l i n l e v e l s in p a t i e n t s w ith h e r e d i t a r y a n g io o e d e m a d u r in g t r e a t m e n t w ith D a n a z o l.. I n t e r f e r e n c e o f D a n a z o l w ith th e ra d io im m u n o a s s a y o f s t e r o i d h o rm o n e s , J. M ic r o p r o c e s s o r - b a s e d ra d io im m u n o a s s a y d a t a a n a l y s i s , "M e th o d s i n E n zy m o lo g y " , A cad em ic P r e s s , New Y ork ( 1 9 8 1 ) , v o l. P r i n c i p l e s o f p r o t e i n b in d in g a s s a y s ( s a t u r a t i o n a n a l y s e s ). Schwarz’s insistence that the quality control of an assay must begin with its design and validation. He had reservations, however, about the definitions of various terms in the paper — notably those of avidity and sensitivity —which did not fully conform with the generally accepted ones and might, in his view, lead to confusion. A speaker made the comment that the design of an assay should not be changed solely to simplify the processing of its data. Assays should be designated to fulfil clinical requirements and should be optimized according to these require­ ments. If an assay gave results which were acceptably reproducible and unbiased but which could not be fitted by a given curve-fitting program, the program should be changed, not the assay design. Ekins emphasized that the optimiza­ tion of an assay, particularly as regards the choice of such parameters as Ab and *Ag concentrations, should be aimed at the minimization of statistical errors in measurement. He added that linearity of the logit-log plot was not a necessary property of the good assay. Indeed, if large amounts of Ab were used and Ab binding sites were not saturated, such linearity would not be observed. Schwarz indicated that the relevant modifications in assay design described in his paper had in fact been aimed at the improvement of assay performance. He also agreed that assay design should not be compromised to suit the needs of data processing, particularly by methods as crude as the two-parameter logistic (logit-log). It was much more satisfactory to use the four-parameter logistic or some other more advanced method to obtain a smooth relationship representing the data. The Scatchard plot, in his view, had little or no place in the optimization of assay design. The preferred way to perform such an analysis was to use a good non-linear regression package to fit an appropriate model directly to the raw data. In his experience, data obtained from studies with radioactive tracer in the absence of unlabelled analyte gave good plots which were a sufficient guide to the bfehaviour of unlabelled analyte in the system.

O. Karrypto. Sarah Lawrence College.